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Artichoke Gardening: Essential Tips for Globe and Jerusalem Varieties

Artichokes are a unique and delicious addition to any garden. This comprehensive guide covers everything you need to know about growing both globe artichoke and Jerusalem artichoke. From selecting the right varieties to planting, caring for and harvesting these fascinating plants, we’ll provide you with step-by-step instructions and useful tips to ensure a bountiful and rewarding artichoke harvest. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner, this article will equip you with the knowledge to successfully cultivate these tasty and nutritious crops.

Artichoke are a fascinating and rewarding crop to grow in your home garden. These unique plants come in two distinct varieties: globe artichokes, which produce the edible flower buds we often associate with artichokes and Jerusalem artichokes, which are actually the tubers of a species of sunflower. Despite their different appearances and culinary uses, both types of artichokes are relatively easy to cultivate and make a delicious addition to your garden.

Growing Globe Artichokes

 Artichoke Gardening: Essential Tips for Globe and Jerusalem Varieties

Here’s a short information chart for Globe Artichokes:

Table

CharacteristicDetail
Botanical NameCynara scolymus
FamilyAsteraceae
Common VarietiesGreen Globe, Big Heart, Omaha, Mercury, Siena, Chianti, King
Flower ColorTypically purple
Bloom TimeSummer
Sun ExposureFull sun
Soil TypeFertile, well-drained
Growth RateModerate to fast
Edible PartsFlower buds and hearts
NutritionHigh in folate, vitamin K, vitamin C, magnesium, manganese, and potassium1

Globe artichokes are a perennial plant that produces large, edible flower buds with a distinctive flavor and texture. Here’s what you need to know to grow them successfully:

Variety Selection

Choose a variety well-suited to your climate, such as ‘Green Globe’ or ‘Imperial Star’ for mild climates, or ‘Violetta’ or ‘Opera’ for cooler regions.

Planting

Globe artichokes are typically grown from nursery starts or root divisions. Plant them in early spring in a spot with full sun and well-draining soil. Space plants 3-4 feet apart, and plant them slightly deeper than they were growing in their containers.

Soil Preparation

Artichokes thrive in rich, fertile soil. Amend the planting area with compost or well-rotted manure before planting.

Watering

Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Artichokes have shallow roots and may require watering every 3-4 days during hot, dry periods.

Fertilizing

Apply a balanced fertilizer or compost tea every 4-6 weeks during the growing season to support healthy growth and bud production.

Harvesting

Artichoke buds are ready to harvest when they are full-sized but still tightly closed. Cut the stem a few inches below the bud with a sharp knife or pruners.

Growing Jerusalem Artichokes

Growing-Jerusalem-Artichokes Artichoke Gardening: Essential Tips for Globe and Jerusalem Varieties

Here’s a brief information chart for Jerusalem Artichokes:

Table

CharacteristicDetail
Botanical NameHelianthus tuberosus
Common NamesSunchoke, Earth Apple, Sunroot
FamilyAsteraceae
Plant TypeTuberous perennial
Sun ExposureFull sun
Soil TypeWell-drained, fertile
Bloom TimeLate summer to fall
Flower ColorYellow
Edible PartsTubers
Flavor ProfileNutty, similar to artichoke hearts
NutritionHigh in iron, potassium and vitamin C; good source of fiber1
Growth RateFast
UsesCulinary (roasted, boiled, mashed), can be eaten raw

Jerusalem artichokes, also known as sunchokes, are a hardy, easy-to-grow crop that produces edible tubers similar to potatoes. Here’s how to cultivate them in your garden:

Variety Selection

Popular varieties include ‘Stampede,’ ‘Fuseau’ and ‘Dwarf Sunray.’ Choose a variety based on your climate and intended use (e.g., cooking, pickling or animal feed).

Planting

Plant tubers or root divisions in early spring, spacing them 12-18 inches apart in rows 3-4 feet apart. Plant them 3-4 inches deep in well-draining soil.

Soil Preparation

Jerusalem artichokes prefer loose, well-draining soil. Amend with compost or aged manure before planting.

Watering

Water regularly during the growing season, keeping the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.

Fertilizing

These plants are relatively low-maintenance and don’t require heavy fertilization. Side-dress with compost or a balanced fertilizer once or twice during the growing season.

Harvesting

After the plants have died back in the fall, use a garden fork or shovel to carefully dig up the tubers. Be sure to remove all tubers, as any left in the ground will re-sprout the following year.

Both globe artichokes and Jerusalem artichokes are relatively low-maintenance crops that can provide a bountiful harvest with proper care. Globe artichokes offer a unique culinary experience with their edible flower buds, while Jerusalem artichokes provide a versatile and nutritious tuber crop.With a little patience and attention, you can enjoy the rewarding experience of growing these unique and delicious artichoke varieties right in your own backyard garden.

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